Animal Encyclopedia for Kids offers animal profiles, animal records and animal knowledge for school and homework, all about pets and a huge pet name database.

Surf Tips: Knowledge articles!

Edible DormouseEdible Dormouse
The dormouse is a really cute rodent! Soon it will enter its well deserved hibernation phase!

Forest Dung BeetleForest Dung Beetle
The busy little forest dung beetle is easy to spot at this time of the year. You can even hear it! Here's the profile.

Ladybugs are always red and have black dots on them. Wait. There are yellow ones and even ladybugs without dots!

Brown BearBrown Bear
Do brown bears climb? How do they hibernate? What are they eating? Are they dangerous? Check the profile!

Is this a kind of hedgehog? Is it true that the Echdina lays eggs? What does this animal eat and why does it have such a long nose?

In spring hedgehogs awake from their hibernation. Did you know that there are 24 types of hedgehogs?

Toad MigrationToad Migration
In spring time frogs and toads awake from their torpor and start to set out. But where are they off to and why?

Red FoxRed Fox
Did you know that foxes use the Earth's magnetic field when hunting? Find out about its magnetic sense!

Bald EagleBald Eagle
Bald eagles grab fish with their feet - while flying. Learn more about these birds of prey!

Are animals intelligent?Animal Intelligence
Are animals intelligent? Wait. What even is intelligence? And how do you find out if animals are intelligent?

What is biological diversity? Why is it so important that there are lots of different animals, habitats and landscapes?

Polar Bear Facts
Size Up to 10.1 ft (3.1 m) long
Speed Up to 24.8 mph (40 km/h) (short distances, on land)
Weight Up to 1,984 lb (900 kg)
Lifespan 20-30 years
Food Seals, salmon, lemmings
Predators -
Habitat Arctic region
Order Carnivore
Family Bears
Scientific name Ursus maritimus
Characteristics White fur, webbings

The polar bear is one of the biggest bears in the world. Only the brown bear and the Kodiak bear in Alaska reach a similar size.

Actually, the Polar Bear is not White

Although the coat of the polar bear appears to be white, its hairs are actually transparent and hollow inside. There is a good reason for this: The warmth of the sunlight can directly reach the skin, which is actually black to optimally absorb the heat. To clean their coat, polar bears simply wallow in the snow.

Polar Bears Sweat

In the Arctic, temperatures range from -58 degrees Fahrenheit (-50 degrees Celsius) (winter) to sometimes 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius) (summer). During the winter, the coat with hairs up to 30 cm long keeps the bear cozily warm. Yet, during the Arctic summer, the animals have to cool down from time to time.

To achieve this, they lie down in the snow or on the ice on their backs and lift their feet up in the air. This allows them to cool down the largest possible part of their body surface. They lie down again and again, even when only walking short distances. Sometimes they even jump into the icy (!) waters to refresh themselves.

Polar Bear Polar Bear - Photo: Sylvie Bouchard/Shutterstock

The Polar Bear's Sense of Smell - Smells Like Seals

Polar bears can smell seals, even if the are still 20 miles (32 km) away.

Polar Bears are Endurance Athletes

Polar bears cannot swim faster than 10 km/h, but they are able to cover distances of 62 miles (100 km) without pausing.

Do Polar Bears Live in Caves?

Many people think that polar bears live in caves. Yet, only female polar bears withdraw into caves to give birth to and protect their babies.

Polar Bear Polar Bear - Photo: FloridaStock/Shutterstock


After the mating season it takes about 8 months until the little polar bear babies come into the world. About one month before giving birth, the female polar bear digs a cave as a retreat. Normally there are 1-4 little bears weighing about 1.1 lb (0.5 kg) at birth. At first they are still blind and deaf. After 4 months they are ready to leave their cave.

Two Birds With One Stone ...

Female polar bears combine their pregnancy with their winter rest.

Did You Know?

All polar bears are „left-pawed“.

Polar Bear Polar Bear - Photo: FloridaStock/Shutterstock

Pupils are welcome to use this information at school for animal profiles, fact sheets, essays, work sheets, presentations, posters or homework. All information appearing on this site has been precisely and thoroughly researched, nevertheless should you notice any errors, please do notify us via email.

• Pets:

Infos and Tipps for Dogs, Cats, Budgies, etc.

You are looking for a pet? Here you will find nearly 100 profiles of family-friendly dog breeds, cat breeds, hamsters, guinea pigs and bird breeds.

• Pet Names Database:

Huge pet name database with more than 1.200 pet names

Whether sweet, smart, funny or in another language - all names are sorted by category, so you can quickly find the right name for your pet.

• Animal Fact Sheets:

More than 190 factsheets withe exiting infos and pictures

Here you will find facts about mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, insects, spiders and invertebrates. You'll also learn what animals are and how they differ from plants.

• Games:

Coloring Pages, Animal Quizzes and Personality Tests

90 Coloring Pages - printable or for coloring online. Test your knowledge in Animal Quizzes. If you want to find out which kind of pet would suit you go ahead and take a personality test.

• Animal Records:

Which are the biggest, fastest, heaviest etc.?

More than 250 records sorted by category. You'll also learn how to distinguish animals that look alike.

• Knowledge:

90 knowledge articles and exciting news

Are there any toxic mammals? Can animals count? How do chameleons change their color? How do animals breathe? Exciting articles and simple explanations!