Animal Encyclopedia for Kids

animalfunfacts.net offers animal profiles, animal records and animal knowledge for school and homework, all about pets and a huge pet name database.

Surf Tips: Knowledge articles!

LionLion
Why do lions roar? And why do male lions have a mane? You'll find out in its animal profile!


ZebraZebra
Here's an interesting question: Do zebras have black stripes on white fur or white stripes on black fur?


KoalaKoala
Did you know that Koalas have the hiccups when stressed out? And why do they have opposing thumbs?


LemurLemur
Smelly feet are nothing compared to this: Lemurs perform so called stink fights! Check out its animal profile.


TapirTapir
Why do Tapirs have such an odd-looking trunk? Learn more about this animal in our fact sheet.


ArmadilloArmadillo
Isn't that weird: Armadillos wear a shells! In fact n other mammal wears a shell. Guess what: that's not the only strange thing about them!


CheetahCheetah
Cheetahs are fast hunters! Would a cheetah be able to kill prey that is larger than itself, e.g. a giraffe?


WombatWombat
Wombats are marsupials and quite different from other mammals in many ways. For example, they produce cube-shaped poop!


MeerkatMeerkat
Do you know why meerkats have dark patches around their eyes? Why do they stand on their hind legs?


Red KangarooRed Kangaroo
This is a quite interesting question: Can kangaroos run or jump backwards? Check out the fact sheet.


Are animals intelligent?Intelligence in the Animal Kingdom
Are animals intelligent? Wait. What even is intelligence? And how do you find out if animals are intelligent?


BiodiversityBiodiversity
What is biological diversity? Why is it so important that there are lots of different animals, habitats and landscapes?

Polar Bear Facts
Size Up to 10.1 ft (3.1 m) long
Speed Up to 24.8 mph (40 km/h) (short distances, on land)
Weight Up to 1,984 lb (900 kg)
Lifespan 20-30 years
Food Seals, salmon, lemmings
Predators -
Habitat Arctic region
Order Carnivore
Family Bears
Scientific name Ursus maritimus
Characteristics White fur, webbings

The polar bear is one of the biggest bears in the world. Only the brown bear and the Kodiak bear in Alaska reach a similar size.

Actually, the Polar Bear is not White

Although the coat of the polar bear appears to be white, its hairs are actually transparent and hollow inside. There is a good reason for this: The warmth of the sunlight can directly reach the skin, which is actually black to optimally absorb the heat. To clean their coat, polar bears simply wallow in the snow.

Polar Bears Sweat

In the Arctic, temperatures range from -58 degrees Fahrenheit (-50 degrees Celsius) (winter) to sometimes 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius) (summer). During the winter, the coat with hairs up to 30 cm long keeps the bear cozily warm. Yet, during the Arctic summer, the animals have to cool down from time to time.

To achieve this, they lie down in the snow or on the ice on their backs and lift their feet up in the air. This allows them to cool down the largest possible part of their body surface. They lie down again and again, even when only walking short distances. Sometimes they even jump into the icy (!) waters to refresh themselves.

Polar Bear Polar Bear - Photo: Sylvie Bouchard/Shutterstock

The Polar Bear's Sense of Smell - Smells Like Seals

Polar bears can smell seals, even if the are still 20 miles (32 km) away.

Polar Bears are Endurance Athletes

Polar bears cannot swim faster than 10 km/h, but they are able to cover distances of 62 miles (100 km) without pausing.

Do Polar Bears Live in Caves?

Many people think that polar bears live in caves. Yet, only female polar bears withdraw into caves to give birth to and protect their babies.

Polar Bear Polar Bear - Photo: FloridaStock/Shutterstock

Reproduction

After the mating season it takes about 8 months until the little polar bear babies come into the world. About one month before giving birth, the female polar bear digs a cave as a retreat. Normally there are 1-4 little bears weighing about 1.1 lb (0.5 kg) at birth. At first they are still blind and deaf. After 4 months they are ready to leave their cave.

Two Birds With One Stone ...

Female polar bears combine their pregnancy with their winter rest.

Did You Know?

All polar bears are „left-pawed“.

Polar Bear Polar Bear - Photo: FloridaStock/Shutterstock

Pupils are welcome to use this information at school for animal profiles, fact sheets, essays, work sheets, presentations, posters or homework. All information appearing on this site has been precisely and thoroughly researched, nevertheless should you notice any errors, please do notify us via email.

• Pets:

Infos and Tipps for Dogs, Cats, Budgies, etc.

You are looking for a pet? Here you will find nearly 100 profiles of family-friendly dog breeds, cat breeds, hamsters, guinea pigs and bird breeds.

• Pet Names Database:

Huge pet name database with more than 1.200 pet names

Whether sweet, smart, funny or in another language - all names are sorted by category, so you can quickly find the right name for your pet.

• Animal Fact Sheets:

More than 190 factsheets withe exiting infos and pictures

Here you will find facts about mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, insects, spiders and invertebrates. You'll also learn what animals are and how they differ from plants.

• Games:

Coloring Pages, Animal Quizzes and Personality Tests

90 Coloring Pages - printable or for coloring online. Test your knowledge in Animal Quizzes. If you want to find out which kind of pet would suit you go ahead and take a personality test.

• Animal Records:

Which are the biggest, fastest, heaviest etc.?

More than 250 records sorted by category. You'll also learn how to distinguish animals that look alike.

• Knowledge:

90 knowledge articles and exciting news

Are there any toxic mammals? Can animals count? How do chameleons change their color? How do animals breathe? Exciting articles and simple explanations!