Scarab Beetle Facts
|Size||Up to 1.2 in (3.2 cm)|
|Weight||Up to 0.07 oz (2 g)|
|Predators||Birds, bats, reptiles|
|Habitat||Mediterranean area, Africa, Asia, South America|
|Scientific name||Scarabaeus sacer|
|Characteristics||Rolls dung balls while running backwards|
Just Like in the Land of Milk and Honey: The Food Falls From the Sky
Looking for food is easy for the scarab. The beetle only has to wait for it to fall from above: It feeds on the dung of other animals.
Why is the Beetle Called „Pillendreher“ in German?
In German, “Pillendreher“ is another word for “pharmacist“. In Medieval times, pills had to be formed by hand (every single one!), as people did not have machines for this yet. The scarab beetle is also called “Pillendreher” in German, because it forms little dung balls with its head and jaws.
Why Move Forward if You Can Also Go Backwards?
The scarab beetle tucks its ball between its strong legs, leans against it headfirst and rolls the ball walking backwards. Of course the beetle has to turn around now and then to check the surroundings. For this it even likes to climb onto the ball.
Where Does It Take the Ball?
After having formed the ball, the beetle looks for a suitable quiet place, as a trail used by elephants surely is not the best choice to store food or a breeding ball.
And Then? The Ball Disappears ...
The beetle digs away the soil and sand below the ball until it lies underground. Now the female beetle proceeds to lay an egg into the ball. After hatching from the egg, the larva can feed on the delicious dung surrounding it.
A Muscle Beetle
The balls produced by the scarab are up to four times as big as the beetle itself and weigh about 1.4 oz (40 g), which is 20 times its own body weight.
A Holy Animal in Ancient Egypt
The scarab beetle was worshipped as a holy animal in ancient Egypt. People watched the beetle how it formed little balls, buried them and apparently reappeared after a few weeks. Yet, it was its offspring that returned to the surface. Therefore, the beetle was a resurrection symbol for the Egyptians. Small scarab charms were very popular at that time, not only with the living. Scarabs were also used as burial objects.