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Morpho Butterfly

Morpho Butterfly Facts

Size 3.7-4.7 in (95-120 mm) (wingspan)
Speed Unknown
Weight Unknown
Lifespan 115 days
Food Nectar
Predators Birds, spiders
Habitat Mexico, Central Amerika, Paraguay, Thailand
Order Butterflies
Family Nymphalidae
Subfamily Morphinae
Scientific name Morpho peleides
Characteristics Blue metallic color

Main Characteristics

The morpho is one of the largest butterflies and stands out with its brilliant blue or green wing color. Its iridescence is unique among butterflies and it's an awesome experience for every butterfly enthusiast to see one of these animals at close range. The morpho is also called emperor, and its blue color resembles the color of the sky.

Morpho Butterfly Morpho Butterfly - Photo: Lukas Gojda/Shutterstock


Where Do Morpho Butterflies Live?

Morphos either live up in the tree canopy or on the ground, where they find the sweet nectar. Generally, humans can see morphos only when they are flying across open areas or along rivers.



What Do Morpho Butterfly Larvae Eat?

Many morphos die before having reached the stage of a fully grown butterfly. The caterpillars are often killed by their natural enemies but also devour each other. Yes, it is true, morpho caterpillars are cannibals.

Morpho Butterfly Morpho Butterfly - Photo: zzsulc/Shutterstock

Anatomy and Appearance

What Makes the Morpho Butterfly Iridescent?

Normally, color pigments determine the color of an animal. The morpho is different – if blue pigments were responsible for its color, it would not be as bright as it actually is. There are countless thin scales on its wings, which are layered one on top of the other. All colors of light are absorbed by the scales except the blue color, which is the only one to be reflected. This is the reason why the morpho butterfly appears to be blue.

Enemies and Threats

Morpho Butterflies Fool Their Enemies by Optical Deception

When the morpho butterfly flips up its wings, their brown ventral side with the reddish-brown eye-spots becomes visible. Suddenly the butterfly looks like a brown leaf. When the morpho is flying, this can be rather confusing: When the morpho regularly flaps its wings, it might look as if the butterfly were disappearing for a moment, because the brown color of its wings blends with the color of the environment. One moment later the morpho suddenly appears again shining like a bright light. The morpho butterfly uses this confusion strategy to scare enemies away.

Morpho Butterflies Are Also Hunted by Humans

Birds and fish hunt morphos. Yet, as often unfortunately happens, humans are the biggest threat to the butterflies. Because of its wonderful blue color it has become extremely popular among collectors worldwide. Its wings are even used to produce jewelry such as earrings or trinkets.


Morpho Butterfly Morpho Butterfly - Photo: Eric Gevaert/Shutterstock

Life Expectancy

How Long Do Morpho Butterflies Live?

From the egg through the chrysalis stage to the fully grown butterfly: Sadly, the beautiful morpho only has a life expectancy of 115 days. It spends most of this time in the chrysalis stage.

Fun Facts

Morpho Butterflies Can Be Seen From the Plane

The morpho’s blue color is so bright and shining that even pilots can see the butterflies bathe in the sun in the tree canopy when flying over the rainforests.

Morpho Butterfly Morpho Butterfly - Photo: schaef71/Shutterstock

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