|Size||2.9 - 6.2 ft (90 - 190 cm); shoulder height 2.2 - 2.6 ft (70 - 80 cm); tail 1.9 - 3.6 ft (60 - 110 cm)|
|Speed||36. mph (58 km/h) (short distances)|
|Weight||66.1 - 132.2 lb (30 - 60 kg) (female), 88.1 - 198.4 lb (40 - 90 kg) (male)|
|Lifespan||12 - 15 years (in the wild)|
|Food||Antelopes, deer, wild boars|
|Scientific name||Panthera pardus|
|Characteristics||Fourth-largest big cat|
The leopard is the fourth-largest big cat, although it is significantly smaller than a lion, tiger or jaguar. It lives on its own in tropical rainforests, in the mountains, in the savannah, or in semi-deserts. In Asia it also lives in conifer forests.
The leopard is a passionate ambush predator and very good at sneaking up to its prey extremely slowly and patiently. Often the leopard just comfortably reclines on a branch, just a few meters above its prey, waiting for the best moment to attack.
Go for a Swim!
First off: All cats are good swimmers. But most of them don’t like it. Their coat is getting heavy from the water, which slows them down.
Yet, tigers, jaguars, and leopards are among the few feline predators that like swimming. This does not make things better for their prey: The water is no option to make an escape.
„ID“ stands for „identifier“ and signifies something as unique. „ID“ numbers can be found on passports. A house number is basically also a kind of „ID“.
The fur of the leopard is its “ID”. It has flower-shaped, black spots. Even though it is difficult to perceive: Each leopard has a unique pattern. The leopard can also be easily distinguished from the jaguar, because the leopard’s spots do not have a dot in the middle.
Over a Car in One Leap
Leopards can jump 9.8 ft (3 m) high and distances of up to 19.6 ft (6 m). They can easily leap over a large car.
My Friend the Tree
Leopards are not only very good swimmers, but also excellent climbers. With their sharp, retractable claws they find secure hold on the bark and easily climb up trees that are up to 49.2 ft (15 m) high.
No other feline predator as big as a leopard climbs that high. Potential victims only have one chance: run away as fast as possible.
The Store Room on the Branch Fork
As lions and hyenas sometimes like to steal its prey, the leopard has come up with an idea. It stores its prey in the forks of branches.
There it is safe and the leopard can take a snack whenever it is feeling hungry. The leopard is even able to carry prey that is bigger and heavier than itself up the tree in its mouth.
The panther Baghira from the Jungle Book is a black leopard. Panthers are not a separate species, but simply have a specific coat color. There are also black jaguars, which are also called panthers.
Not Thirsty Despite the Heat
Leopards can survive up to ten days without water. Provided they find enough to eat, because their food contains enough liquid.
I am Not Deaf!
Leopards can hear five times better than humans.
Leopards are loners. They only meet during the mating season and stay together for about 8 - 9 days. After 90 - 105 days, the female leopard gives birth to 2 - 4 babies, which weigh just about 1.1 lb (500 g).
After 2- 3 months the cubs start to eat meat. After 13 - 18 months they strike out on their own. At the age of 3 years they are adults.
- Watch now on animalfunfacts.net:
- Video: Endangered Animal Species - like the leopard
- Video: Animal Camouflage - find out about the leopard's fur
- Video: The Strongest Animals in the World - like the leopard
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