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14 Critically Endangered Animals

Sumatran Elephant

  • Distribution: Sumatra (Indonesia)
  • Scientific name: Elephas maximus sumatranus
  • Number of animals: 2,400-2,800

Interesting Facts

The Sumatran elephant is one of the three subspecies of Asian elephants (the other two are the Sri Lankan elephant and the Indian elephant). The Asian elephant is generally smaller than the African elephant, but is still impressively large at up to 4 tons and 10.4 feet (3.2 meters) to the shoulder.

Threats to the Sumatran Elephant

  • Loss of habitat (clearing of woodland for agriculture)
  • Hunting

Sumatran Elephant Sumatran Elephant - Photo: Andi Erik/Shutterstock

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