Mandrill Facts
Size Up to 30 inch (76 cm)
Speed Up to 24.8 mph (40 km/h)
Weight Up to 55 lb (25 kg)
Lifespan 20-28 years
Food Fruits, seeds, little animals
Predators Leopards, eagles, snakes
Habitat Central Africa
Order Primates
Family Old world monkeys
Scientific name Mandrillus sphinx
Characteristics Most colorful mammal

The Mandrill is a large primate that lives in Africa and, like baboons, macaques and langurs, belongs to the old world monkeys.

Brightly colored

The mandrill has bright blue and violet cheeks, a bright red nose and lips and hairs ranging from olive green to golden. It seems to have fallen into a few paint pots, no other animal is as multi-colored as the mandrill.

Why do Mandrills Have Colorful Faces?

Mandrills, especially high-ranking, strong males, have strong bright colors. They also have more testosterone (male hormones) than the other males. A female with strong colors wants to show the male: I am healthy and ready to mate.

Record: Tallest Monkey

The mandrill is the largest primate after the great apes (gorilla, orangutan, chimpanzee).

Mandrill Mandrill - Photo: tamarasovilj/Shutterstock

What does the Mandrill Eat?

Mandrills are omnivores, but they prefer to cover fruits, seeds, leaves and mushrooms. Insects, frogs and lizards are also on their menu.

Cheek Pouch as Storage Space

Mandrills have large cheek pouches, which they fill with food when they are not hungry, so that they can enjoy a snack later-on.

Look, What is This Between My Teeth?

Sometimes, mandrills shake their heads and “grin” to show their teeth, which can be more than 6 cm long. This is both funny and daunting, although it is a friendly gesture between the animals.

Mandrill Mandrill - Photo: Kitch Bain/Shutterstock

I am Annoyed!

If a mandrill is angry, it vigorously slaps the ground.

Colorful Community

Normally, mandrills live in groups of about 20 animals in the dense rainforest. The male monkey with the brightest and most beautiful colors is the leader of the pack.

Mandrills are Good on Their Feet

The “dry-nosed” primates (Haplorhini) walk long distances on the ground, but they are also good at climbing and like to sleep in the trees (another one every day, so that it does not get boring).

Forest Baboons

Mandrills are also called forest baboons. They are actually related to the baboons, but they live in a different habitat.

Mandrill Mandrill - Photo: davemhuntphotography/Shutterstock

Mandrill Offspring

Mandrill mums usually have only one baby. At birth it has a dark pelage. The little eyes are open and it already clings to its mother’s tummy. At the age of two months it loses its baby fluff. Then the “real” pelage begins to grow.

Disney Star

In Disney’s “Lion King“ you can see a mandrill: the wise Rafiki, who blesses the lion baby Simba.

Mandrill Mandrill - Photo: Anatoliy Lukich/Shutterstock

Pupils are welcome to use this information at school for animal profiles, fact sheets, essays, work sheets, presentations, posters or homework. All information appearing on this site has been precisely and thoroughly researched, nevertheless should you notice any errors, please do notify us via email.