Marmot Facts
Size Up to 29.5 inch (75 cm)
Speed Unknown
Weight Up to 15.4 lb (7 kg)
Lifespan Unknown
Food Grasses, herbs, fruits
Predators Foxes, wolves
Habitat North America, Canada, Asia, Europe
Order Rodentia
Family Suqirrels
Scientific name Marmota
Characteristics Rodents which often rise up on their hind legs
Do Marmots Murmur?

This would be funny to watch, but marmots do not murmur. Their name originates from the Old High German word “murmunto” which comes from the Latin “mures montis” (mountain mouse). In Bavaria, chubby rodents are called Mankei, in Switzerland people name them Murmeli or Marmotte.

Why Does the Marmot Rise on its Hind Legs?

Marmots spend most of their time underground, but when they leave their burrows they can quite often be seen to rise on their hind legs.

This can have two reasons: Either they want to get a better overview of the surroundings and hidden enemies or they use their front paws to contendtedly stuff some grass into their mouths.

Marmot Marmot - Photo: Astrid Gast/Shutterstock

Tunnel Experts

Marmots build complex tunnel systems in which other animals could easily get lost. The longest tunnel that has been discovered so far was 370 ft (113 m) long.

Marmot Yodeling

The marmot prefers to live in mountainous regions up to 7,200 ft (2,200 m) high.

Marmots Like it „Cool“

The little rodents cannot cope with heat. For them, 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius) feel like 96.8 degrees Fahrenheit (36 degrees Celsius) in the blazing sun because of their thick coat. Where is the zipper?

Marmot Marmot - Photo: Peter Fodor/Shutterstock


Many animals do not like to go outside during the winter. At -4 degrees Fahrenheit (-20 degees Celsius), marmots love to stay in their cosy and warm burrow. 

They huddle together and reduce their body temperature to 43 degrees Fahrenheit (6 degrees Celsius) to save energy. The smallest marmots are placed in the middle as this is the warmest spot. Up to 20 marmots thus form one large furball underground.

The World’s Most Famous Marmot

A very special marmot is living in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania (USA): “Phil“ is the local weatherman. Every year on 2nd February, he is asked to predict the end of the winter.

Of course, Phil cannot speak, but when he wakes up after seven months of hibernating, leaves his burrow and casts a shadow on the ground with his body, the winter is said to last six more weeks.

If he doesn’t cast a shadow, the spring should be near. The event is very spectacular with lots of cameras, TV presenters and onlookers.

Marmot Marmot - Photo: Ondrej Prosicky/Shutterstock

The Legend

The “Groundhog Day” became popular with the Hollywood movie of the same name, yet it is not an American “invention”. Settlers from Europe brought this popular belief to the United States.

Marmot Marmot - Photo: David Havel/Shutterstock

Pupils are welcome to use this information at school for animal profiles, fact sheets, essays, work sheets, presentations, posters or homework. All information appearing on this site has been precisely and thoroughly researched, nevertheless should you notice any errors, please do notify us via email.