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Main Characteristics of Turtles

  • Turtles are cold-blooded reptiles.
  • The first turtles evolved over 220 million years ago.
  • There are over 360 species.
  • Most turtles live on land or in fresh water. Only seven species live in the sea.
  • The turtles' closest relatives are crocodiles.
  • Turtles have a shell. It can be hard or soft. It protects the animal from injuries.
  • Turtles have a good sense of vision and sense of smell.
  • Turtles don't have teeth.
  • Turtles lay eggs.
  • The largest and heaviest tortoise is the leatherback turtle.
  • The oldest turtle lived to be 256 years old. It is also the oldest land animal.

Species List


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