Galápagos Giant Tortoise Facts
|Size||40-47 inch (100-120 cm)|
|Speed||Up to 0.3 mph (0.5 km/h)|
|Weight||440-661 lb (200-300 kg)|
|Food||Grass, herbs, fruits, cactuses|
|Predators||Falcons, wild dogs|
|Habitat||Galápagos archipelago (Pacific Ocean)|
|Scientific name||Chelonoidis nigra|
Galápagos giant tortoises belong to the biggest tortoises worldwide. Data concerning size and weight often widely differ, but it seems to be proven that some of these animals can reach lengths of more than 70 in (180 cm), measured from head to tail. The heaviest Galápagos giant tortoise in captivity weighed 930 lb (422 kg). The Leatherback sea turtle is even bigger than the Galápagos giant tortoise.
Slow But Persistent
Galápagos giant tortoises are very slow, but they are eager walkers – if they want to. They can cover distances of up to 8 miles (13 km) within two days. Some tortoises were being equipped with electronic transmitters to document this.
The Oldest Galápagos Giant Tortoise ...
... was Harriet. She lived at the Australia Zoo in the State of Queensland (Australia) and died in 2006 at an age of about 175 or 176 years. Unfortunately, nobody knows her exact age.
Galápagos giant tortoises lead a quiet, peaceful life and sleep up to 16 hours a day.
One Shell is Not Like the Other
Some Galápagos giant tortoises have a dome-shaped shell, others have a shell resembling a saddle. On islands with a dry and hot climate, tortoises tend to have saddle-shaped shells. The shape allows them to stretch their neck further out to reach higher plants.
Galápagos = Saddle-Shaped
The Galápagos Islands have been named after the tortoises. The Spanish term Galápago indeed indicates a saddle.
Up to the 19th century, the animals were hunted by sailors, because they needed food. Today there are only 3,000 to 5,000 of these animals left. Therefore they are a strictly protected species.
Cat or Tortoise?
If Galápagos giant tortoises are feeling threatened, they retreat into their shells and hiss. The noise is created when the air leaves their lungs.
When Male Galápagos Giant Tortoises Fight ...
... they lift their heads as high as possible. The male tortoise that can stretch its head higher than the others, wins the fight. It’s that simple!
One Year Without Eating and Drinking
Galápagos giant tortoises can survive for up to one year without food and water, because they are able to store their resources extremely well.
At the age of about 20 to 25 years, the tortoises become mature. After mating, the female Galápagos giant tortoise lays about 24 eggs into a nest and covers it with leaves. The little baby tortoises hatch after 4 to 8 months and are left on their own right from the beginning.