Skip to main content - The Animal Encyclopedia for Kids



Moose Facts

Size Up to 7.5 ft (2.3 m) (shoulder height)
Speed Up to 37 mph (60 km/h)
Weight Up to 1,700 lb (800 kg)
Lifespan 10-16 years
Food Grass, water plants
Predators Bears, wolves
Habitat Northern Europe, Northern Asia, North America, Greenland
Order Ungulates
Family Deers
Subfamily New World deers
Scientific name Alces alces
Characteristics Males: open-hand shaped antlers, solitary animal

Main Characteristics

Moose are deer the largest deer species in the world. They live in colder regions in Northern Europe, North Asia and North America. They are solitary animals who are active both during the day and at night. Male moose have antlers that can have a span up to 6.5 feet (2 meters).

Moose Photo: RT Images/Shutterstock


Moose favour fresh tree shoots and aquatic plants. And boy, they eat a lot. This is a huge animal with a huge appetite! In the summer they devour about 73 pounds (32 kg) and in winter around 34 lb (15 kg), because they do not find so much in the snow.

Moose love to plunder trees. They have a thing for apples, and sometimes they come across fermented fruits lying on the ground. Eating those apples makes them dizzy in their heads.


They Even Feed Underwater

Moose are the only deer that can feed underwater. Muscles and fat pads on their nose help them to close the nostrils underwater.

Moose Photo: Betty Shelton/Shutterstock

Anatomy and Appearance


Why do moose have antlers? Bulls wear antlers to intimidate other male moose and to impress female moose. By the way, particularly large antlers are called palmate antlers, because they look like an open hand.

Why do moose shed their antlers? The antlers of a moose can weigh up to 44 pounds (20 kg). The record for the heaviest antlers ever is at 79 pounds (36 kg)! Moose drop their antlers in winter time because they find less food during this time and it saves energy to carry less weight. In spring time the antlers regrow.

Enemies and Threats

Do moose have enemies? You can hardly imagine that an animal of this size could have any enemies. After all, moose can also kick pretty hard with their hooves. A wolf pack or a bear has little chance to bring down an adult moose bull. Of course, this is totally different with a calf, an old or a sick moose. They are not able to defend themselves as good. But even the strongest moose has an dangerous enemy. And it is surprsingly tiny! It is a worm that nests in his brain. Yuck! Elks sometimes eat it along with their food.

Moose Photo: Patagonian Stock AE/Shutterstock

From here you find infos written by animalfunfacts fan Rosa!

Author RosaThey Wear Goatees

Moose are not related to goats, but they have one stunning thing in common: Both animal species have goatees. In the case of goats only he-goats have such a beard, but in case of moose both male and female animals have it. It can be up to 9.8 inches (25 cm) long.

Beware of Moose on the Road

Sweden is very proud of the moose, but with their body height of 7.5 feet (2.3 meters) they are bigger than every soccer goal and therefore not really fit for playing soccer. However, not everything is going easy for the moose. Every fifth car accident in Sweden is caused by moose loitering about on the roads. But this does not impair their popularity. Quite the contrary: Moose are Sweden’s national animal.

Moose Photo: NancyS/Shutterstock


During the rut, bull moose fight each other. Mating does only take as much time as a casual kiss and is over after two or three seconds. The moose calf is born about 8 months later. After 17 months it is mature already and can mate and get pregnant with a calf.

Fun Facts

The Moose Test

The moose test is a famous driving test simulating the situation of suddenly having to veer for moose.

The facts above were submitted by fan Rosa. Thanks for this amazing article!

The Moose Is Related To:

Animals in the Same Biome:

Ungulate Species Fact Sheets


Most Read Mammal Fact Sheets

Recommended Fact Sheets

Pupils are welcome to use this information at school for animal profiles, fact sheets, essays, work sheets, presentations, posters or homework. All information appearing on this site has been precisely and thoroughly researched, nevertheless should you notice any errors, please do notify us via email.

See all topics on