This article offers a survey of animals and plants living in hedges. Hedges are often also called scrub. They help to protect animals and plants and increase the diversity of species. A hedge consists of bigger and smaller scrubs (such as elder, hazel, blackthorn), several plants (such as the stinging nettle, dandelion), flowers and even trees (such as birch, beech, rowan tree). Next to hedges you will find forests and meadows. Would you like to know, what animals live in forests and, what animals live in meadows?
|Species living in hedges||ca. 900-1,500 species|
|The hedge provides animals with||
|The hedge provides the environment with||
The hedge offers three zones as living enviroments: fringe, shell und core. Yet, the animals in the hedge cannot be strictly attributed to one zone or another. For instance they use one zone for breeding and another one to gather food – or even leave the hedge occasionally. You can find the following animals in the proximity of hedges:
164 ft (50 m): ant, ground beetle, red-backed shrike
492 ft (150 m): mouse weasel, yellowhammer, common toad
656 ft (200 m): shrew mouse
820 ft (250 m): hedgehog
984 ft (300 m): ermine
3,280 ft (1,000 m): beech marten, fox
1. Fringe Zone
The fringe zone of the hedge contains grasses, flowers and plants. Songbirds such as the red-backed shrike are hunting for beetles, crickets and mice there. Linnets from the family of finches feed on grass and flower seeds. The size of the zone depends on the available space – if it is adjacent to a cultivated field, the fringe zone usually tends to be rather narrow.
2. Shell Zone
Situated between the fringe and the core zone, the shell zone is vegetated with small and medium-sized shrubs. Birds build their nests there to breed.
3. Core Zone
The core zone of the hedge is vegetated with trees and shrubs. There are only a few trees, but many shrubs higher than 16.4 ft (5 m).
Animals in the Core Zone: Brown hare, hedgehog, fox, bat, hazel dormouse, pigeon, pheasant, deer, marten, common buzzard, northern shrike, magpie, carrion crow, common wood pigeon, long-eared owl, chaffinch, goldfinch
Interesting Facts on Hedges
Hedges are as diverse as the plants and animals living in them. There are several types:
- low hedges: low shrubs up to 6.5-9.8 ft (2-3 m) high
- high hedges: containing bushes and shrubs up to 16.4 ft (5 m) high
- tree hedges: containing trees
- grassland hedges: planted hedge
Did You Know?
An enclosure (German: “Hag”) is surrounded by hedges. German village names containing “hagen” or “hag” indicate that there once were many hedges in the area.
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