Giraffe

Giraffe Facts
Size Up to 18.7 ft (5.7 m)
Speed Up to 34 mph (55 km/h)
Weight Up to 1,93 tons
Lifespan 20-25 years
Food Leaves
Predators Lions,leopards, hyenas
Habitat Southern Africa
Order Even-toed ungulates
Family Giraffidae
Scientific name Giraffa camelopardalis
Characteristics Tallest terrestrial animal (height)
200 Pulse!

Giraffes have the highest blood pressure of all animals. Yet, they do not suffer from this, it is even rather important for them. After all, the blood has to be pumped through the long and heavy neck up to the head somehow.

Otherwise, giraffes would faint every time they lower their head to drink. In addition to the high blood pressure, vessel valves and a heart weighing 26.4 lb (12 kg) ensure that giraffes do not lose their consciousness.

Giraffe Giraffe - Photo: kaczor58/Shutterstock

Just a Moment, I Have Got Something in My Ey

Humans rub their eyes with their fingers. A giraffe does it with its tongue. The tongue is blue-grey and more than 19.6 inch (50 cm) long.

In order to get at the tasty leaves, the giraffe also uses its tongue, winds it round a branch and pulls off the leaves. Thorns do not bother the giraffes.

How Can You Differentiate Between Male and Female Giraffes?

Male giraffes are larger than the females, but this piece of information is not sufficient. Animals of different ages could stand next to each other, e.g. a young male animal next to his larger mother.

Yet, there is an easy trick: Look at the horns. Male animals have thick horns without any tufts of fur. Female animals have thin horns with tufts of fur.

Giraffe Giraffe - Photo: moizhusein/Shutterstock

I Have Sprained My Neck!

How many cervical vertebrae does a Giraffe have? More than a human, don’t you think? Wrong! Giraffes have seven cervical vertebrae, just like humans. Interesting: The neck of a giraffe can become up to 8.2 ft (2.5 m) long and weigh 551 lb (250 kg)!

Why does the Giraffe Have Spots?

Viewed from a close distance, the giraffe’s coat pattern looks rather conspicuous. You may ask yourself: Is the giraffe tired of life? Such an unusual coat should be easy to detect for animals of prey.

Yet, the large blotches indeed serve as camouflage. They make the giraffe look like a tree or part of the landscape from larger distances. By the way, the blotches of male giraffes get darker in the course of time.

Stronger Than A Lion

A healthy adult giraffe can kill a lion with a kick of its hoofs.

Giraffe Giraffe - Photo: K VanderWaal/Shutterstock

Thirsty? Who? Me?

It is well known that camels can do without water for a long time. A giraffe can survive even longer without water.

Ssssht! We Don’t Want To Be Heard!

For a long time people thought that giraffes hardly utter any sounds. Yet, they do communicate on an infrasound frequency below 20 Hz most of the time.

This frequency is so low that most humans cannot hear it. Giraffes can detect these unbelievably deep sounds over large distances and thus stay in contact with each other.

Reproduction

Giraffes babies come into the world after 14 – 15 months. With their body weight of about 50 kg they fall on the ground from a height of almost 6.56 ft (2 m) without getting injured.

At first they feel a bit groggy and wobbly on their legs, but they are able to walk after a short while. If giraffe mothers are concerned about their young, they utter barking sounds. The little ones reply bleating, mewing or mooing.

Giraffe Giraffe - Photo: Nagel Photography/Shutterstock

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