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Bichon Frisé

Bichon Frise Dog Breed Information

Size 9-12 in (23-30 cm)
Weight 11-22 lb (5-10 kg)
Origin Canaries
Color White
Lifespan 10-12 years
Suitable as Family dogs and companion dogs
Personality Happy, charming, alert, cheerful, playful
Exercise Dog Exercise
Drooling Dog Drooling
Shedding Dog Shedding
Fur care Dog Fur Care

Rating = very/a lot; Rating = not very/a little

Breed Characteristics

The Bichon Frise is a very happy dog that will charm anyone and everyone with their personality, even the neighbors. These dogs are very intelligent. They enjoy learning to do tricks - and they pick them up in no time.

They get on well with other dogs and other pets. Although the Bichon Frise is quite independent, they don’t like being left alone all the time. They will start to bark and chew/destroy things.

Bichon Frise in the garden Bichon Frise in the garden - Photo: Vladimir Nenezic/Shutterstock


The Bichon Frise looks like a compact little package, and is as soft as cotton wool. Its fur is made up of a thick undercoat and a silky, curly topcoat that stands out up to 10cm from the body. Its eyes are just as lovely, meaning any dog lover is sure to melt.

History and Origin

The Bichon Frise actually originated in the Mediterranean and is descended from the Barbet (a water dog).

Italian seafarers discovered the dog on Tenerife and took it with them to the mainland. In around 1500, the dog was “adopted” by the French and bred to create the breed we know now. However, it was only officially registered with the French Kennel Club in 1934.

Bichon Frise Bichon Frise - Photo: Vasilyev Alexandr/Shutterstock

Where Does The Name Come From?

The name “Bichon Frise” comes from the French. “Bichon” means lapdog, and “frisé” means curly. So, it’s a curly lapdog. If the shoe fits!

Health and Care

If you’d like a Bichon Frise, you must understand the following: their fur needs a lot of care and attention. A Bichon Frise must be brushed almost every day. If not, they can develop skin problems.

There are a few illnesses that commonly affect a Bichon Frise but they generally live long, healthy lives. The oldest Bichon Frise in the world lived to be 19 years old.

Typical illnesses for the breed

  • Patella luxation (knee injury)
  • Cushing's syndrome (too much cortisol in the blood)
  • Hip dysplasia (malformation of the hip joint)
  • Hypothyroidism (not enough thyroid hormones)

Please note: not every dog will suffer from these illnesses

Similar Dog Breeds

French Bulldog

Did You Know?

The Bichon Frise is one of the few dog breeds that can be tolerated by people with a dog allergy.

Bichon Frise taking a nap Bichon Frise taking a nap - Photo: Vladimir Nenezic/Shutterstock

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