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Labrador Retriever

Labrador Retriever Dog Breed Information

Size 21-22 in (54-57 cm)
Weight 55-80 lb (25-36 kg)
Origin Canada
Color Black, yellow, chocolate
Lifespan 10-12 years
Suitable as Therapy dogs, rescue dogs, family dogs; sports partners
Personality Active, obedient, docile, friendly, easygoing
Exercise Dog Exercise
Drooling Dog Drooling
Shedding Dog Shedding
Fur care Dog Fur Care

Rating = very/a lot; Rating = not very/a little

Breed Characteristics

The Labrador Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds, because they’re so very friendly and easygoing. They’re everyone’s favorites, animal or human.

Labradors need a lot of exercise, and love playing fetch and swimming. They love learning, so it’s easy to teach them tricks.


The Labrador Retriever stands upright, proudly and confidently. They move elegantly and their body language is friendly and peaceful. Their almost rectangular bodies are powerful, with strong muscles.

The Labrador Retriever has thick, short, straight fur. The surface is slightly wiry to keep water out. Their thick, soft undercoats make these dogs “waterproof”. This protects them from the wet and cold.

Labrador Retriever Labrador Retriever - Photo: Africa Studio/Shutterstock

History and Origin

The Labrador Retriever originally came from Newfoundland, a province of Canada. They were called St. John’s Dogs at first, after the capital of Newfoundland.

They were hardworking, reliable partners and helped fishermen with their work by pulling nets or ropes in the water or catching fish that had escaped from the nets.

They came to England in the 19th century, where they were given their new name and bred as hunting dogs. From here, the Labrador Retriever won over the whole world with its friendly character.

Where Does The Name Come From?

Labrador is a peninsula in eastern Canada, part of the provinces of Newfoundland and Quebec. “Retriever” hints at their love of fetching.

Labrador Retriever Labrador Retriever - Photo: claire norman/Shutterstock

Health and Care

The Labrador Retriever is a robust dog that isn’t even afraid of bitterly cold water. As long as there’s something to fetch. The water drips from their fur quickly, and their low-maintenance fur usually only needs brushing once a week.

Typical illnesses for the breed:

Hip dysplasia (malformation of the hip joint)
Elbow dysplasia (malformation of the elbow joint)
Retina dysplasia (malformation of the retina)
Muscle disorders

Please note: not every dog will suffer from these illnesses

Similar dog breeds:

Golden Retriever
Irish Setter

Did You Know?

In water, Labrador Retrievers use their tails like rudders to steer themselves. Their tails are even referred to as “otter tails”. This water-loving pooch even has webbed toes!

Labrador Retriever Labrador Retriever - Photo: Jaromier Chalabala/Shutterstock

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