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Dalmatian Dog Breed Information

Size 21-24 in (54-61 cm)
Weight 53-70 lb (24-32 kg)
Origin Croatia
Color White with black/brown spots
Lifespan 12-14 years
Suitable as Family dogs, companion dogs
Personality Active, friendly, lively, funny, easy to train
Exercise Dog Exercise
Drooling Dog Drooling
Shedding Dog Shedding
Fur care Dog Fur Care

Rating = very/a lot; Rating = not very/a little

Breed Characteristics

Dalmatians are extremely friendly, happy and enthusiastic and therefore popular family dogs. They are not suitable for beginners and especially not for slow-paced people. Its need for exercise is way underestimated in particular.

Can you imagine hiking, jogging, skating, swimming or bicycle for two (!) hours a day after you come home from school or work? This dog's energy has no limits. And its highly intelligent, too. This is why exercise alone is not enough to keep that dog happy. To avoid behavious problems you should participate with your Dalmatian in agility, flyball or obedience. You have to come up with new challenges regularly. If it feels under-occupied and bored, it has a tendency to become a bit destructive.

Dalmatian Dalmatian - Photo: Pablo Rogat/Shutterstock

The Dalmatian is a dog that learns quickly, but you must never use harsh training. It is terribly sensitive and does not forget if he has been treated badly.The best way to train a Dalmatian is with praise and a lot of love. But don’t overindulge them either.

They are reserved with new people and can be a little defensive with new dogs. But they get on well with other pets and especially with horses.

Dalmatian Dalmatian - Photo: Volodymyr Burdiak/Shutterstock


You can tell if a dog is a Dalmatian at the first glance because their coat a unique appearance. It is white and has black or brown spots everywhere. You might mistake it for a Great Dane with a harlequin coat. The Great Dane is slim and tall, too, but ist has floppy flews.

By the way: At birth Dalmatians do not have a spotted coat. When they are born into the world, their coat is completely white. The first spots appear after about two weeks. After a year they have all of their spots, which barely change anymore.

Dalmatian Dalmatian - Photo: hedgehog94/Shutterstock


The origins of the Dalmatians is not yet absolutely clear. Archeologists found pictures of dogs that look similar to today's Dalmatians in pharaohs tombs in Egypt. Maybe they came from India via Egypt to Greece and from there to France and England. But that's just a guess. There is no official evidence.

Where Does the Name Come From?

It is believed that the breed has its name from the region „Dalmatia“, a coastal region in Croatia (Europe).

Health and Care

Dalmatians often suffer from congenital deafness due to their genetic predispostion. Its coat is easy to care for.

Did You Know?

The Dalmatian is the mascot of the New York Fire Department. In the 19th century it ran in front of horse-drawn fire trucks so as to clear the path for the firefighters.

Dalmatian Dalmatian - Photo: Be Good/Shutterstock

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