Golden Retriever Dog Breed Information
|Size||20-24 inch (51-61 cm)|
|Weight||60-75 lb (27-34 kg)|
|Suitable as||Rescue dogs, guide dogs and family dogs|
|Personality||Affectionate, obedient, loyal, enjoys learning and learns fast|
= very/a lot; = not very/a little
The Golden Retriever loves catching anything it can get its mouth on, carrying it around and bringing it back. That’s why the word “retrieve” is part of its name. This dog is very active outdoors but more of a quiet soul indoors. They are best known for their love of humans.
The Golden Retriever is very sporty, and has a strong build with muscle-packed legs. Its movements are very powerful yet gentle.
History and Origin
The history of the Golden Retriever is very well documented: at the end of the 19th century, Lord Tweedmouth crossed a yellow retriever with a Tweed Water Spaniel, an old dog breed from Ireland that has sadly died out. Then more breeds were crossed, like the Irish Setter and Bloodhound. In 1913, the Golden Retriever was officially recognized as a breed by the British Kennel Club, the umbrella organization of British dog breeders.
Where Does The Name Come From?
The word “golden” clearly refers to the fur color, but there are also cream colored dogs. “Retriever” was already explained above. The Labrador Retriever also carries the name “retriever” for the same reason.
Health and Care
The Golden Retriever has wavy or straight, medium-length fur. It needs regular care and should be brushed at least 1-2 times a week. Especially if the dog spends a lot of time outdoors. These dogs shed a lot, especially in spring and autumn. All family members should be ok with this.
Typical illnesses for the breed:
Hip dysplasia (malformation of the hip joint)
Elbow dysplasia (malformation of the elbow joint)
Please note: not every dog will suffer from these illnesses
Similar dog breeds:
Did You Know?
Golden Retrievers are almost white as puppies. They get their creamy to golden fur from the age of around 2. You can usually tell from their ears what color they will eventually be.