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Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever Dog Breed Information

Size 20-24 inch (51-61 cm)
Weight 60-75 lb (27-34 kg)
Origin Scotland
Color Gold, cream
Lifespan 10-12 years
Suitable as Rescue dogs, guide dogs and family dogs
Personality Affectionate, obedient, loyal, enjoys learning and learns fast
Exercise Dog Exercise
Drooling Dog Drooling
Shedding Dog Shedding
Fur care Dog Fur Care

Rating = very/a lot; Rating = not very/a little

Breed Characteristics

The Golden Retriever loves catching anything it can get its mouth on, carrying it around and bringing it back. That’s why the word “retrieve” is part of its name. This dog is very active outdoors but more of a quiet soul indoors. They are best known for their love of humans.

Golden Retriever Golden Retriever - Photo: HTeam/Shutterstock


The Golden Retriever is very sporty, and has a strong build with muscle-packed legs. Its movements are very powerful yet gentle.

History and Origin

The history of the Golden Retriever is very well documented: at the end of the 19th century, Lord Tweedmouth crossed a yellow retriever with a Tweed Water Spaniel, an old dog breed from Ireland that has sadly died out. Then more breeds were crossed, like the Irish Setter and Bloodhound. In 1913, the Golden Retriever was officially recognized as a breed by the British Kennel Club, the umbrella organization of British dog breeders.

Where Does The Name Come From?

The word “golden” clearly refers to the fur color, but there are also cream colored dogs. “Retriever” was already explained above. The Labrador Retriever also carries the name “retriever” for the same reason.

Golden Retriever Golden Retriever - Photo: Maria Ivanushkina/Shutterstock

Health and Care

The Golden Retriever has wavy or straight, medium-length fur. It needs regular care and should be brushed at least 1-2 times a week. Especially if the dog spends a lot of time outdoors. These dogs shed a lot, especially in spring and autumn. All family members should be ok with this.

Typical illnesses for the breed:

Hip dysplasia (malformation of the hip joint)
Elbow dysplasia (malformation of the elbow joint)

Please note: not every dog will suffer from these illnesses

Similar dog breeds:

Cocker Spaniel
Irish Setter
Labrador Retriever

Did You Know?

Golden Retrievers are almost white as puppies. They get their creamy to golden fur from the age of around 2. You can usually tell from their ears what color they will eventually be.

Golden Retriever Golden Retriever - Photo: otsphoto/Shutterstock

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