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Border Collie

Border Collie Dog Breed Information

Size 18-22 inch (46-56 cm)
Weight 26-44 lb (12-20 kg)
Origin Great Britain
Color Black and white, red, blue, sable, lilac; multi-colored
Lifespan 10-14 years
Suitable as Family dogs
Personality Loyal, intelligent, attentive, full of energy, untiring
Exercise Dog Exercise
Drooling Dog Drooling
Shedding Dog Shedding
Fur care Dog Fur Care

Rating = very/a lot; Rating = not very/a little

Breed Characteristics

The Border Collie is a real bundle of energy that needs lots of attention. If they’re not occupied enough, they get terribly bored and start to think silly thoughts. It’s sometimes hard to keep coming up with new challenges, as they learn so quickly. But they have a strong will and are quite independent.

It seems that there is nothing a Border Collies could not do. There are numerous records in the Guinness Book of Records. E. g. "Fastest crossing of a tightrope by a dog" (18.22 seconds), "Most steps walked down by a dog facing forwards balancing a glass of water" (10 levels) or "Fastest car window opened by a dog "(11.34 seconds).

Border Collie Border Collie - Photo: Dalibor Valek/Shutterstock

The most honorable Guiness World Record is probably the "Most intelligent breed of dog". Psychology and neuropsychology professor Stanley Coren (USA) and 200 professional dog obedience judges participated in the decision. By the way: After the Border Collie, the poodle comes in second place and the German shepherd dog in third place.

Border Collies are able to "understand" 250 words (well, „differentiate“ would be more precisely).

Our conclusion is: This dog is not for lazy people! A Border Collie is always busy and wants to be challenged. Not only physically, but also mentally. If you think, going for a jog with this dog is sufficient, you are definitely wrong. If that's too much of a hassle, choose a more slow-paced race, maybe a French Bulldog or a Saint Bernard.

Border Collie does agility Border Collie does agility - Photo: Angelique van Heertum/Shutterstock


Border Collies are as colorful as their love of life and their curiosity is great: their coat can be black and white, black and white mottled, tricolored, red, blue, sable, lilac, monochrome, multicolored, chocolate, etc. etc.


Border Collies have been bred for some time, but they are officially recognized as a breed only since 1976. That's not so long ago!

Where Does the Name Come From?

The „border“ in Border Collie is the border between the two countries England and Scotland. This is the geographic origin of this breed. „Collie“ comes from the Scottish or even Celtic language and stands for something "useful".

Border Collie with stick Border Collie with stick - Photo: Alan Sheers/Shutterstock

Health and Care

The medium length coat of the Border Collie needs regular care. It has to be combed and brushed. At least once a week, but better would be 2-3 times a week.

Did You Know?

In the German tv show "Wetten, dass ...?" a Border Collie named Rico was able to assign 77 words to the corresponding toys and brought them from an adjoining room. Later, on the German tv show "Stern TV" he could even distinguish 250 toys.

Border Collie Border Collie - Photo: Ksenia Rakova/Shutterstock

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