• Back to Dog Database


Dachshund Dog Breed Information

Size 6.7-11 in (17-27 cm)
Weight 11-20 lb (5-9 kg)
Origin Germany
Color Brown, gold, red, black, red
Lifespan 12-15 years
Suitable as Family dogs, companion dogs
Personality Adventurous, curious, enjoys sniffing, enjoys digging
Exercise Dog Exercise
Drooling Dog Drooling
Shedding Dog Shedding
Fur care Dog Fur Care

Rating = very/a lot; Rating = not very/a little

Breed Characteristics

The Dachshund is a very playful and comical dog. In Germany they have a nickname for it: Teppichporsche. „Teppich“ means carpet and Porsche is the famous sports car. You can hardly resist its charm, when you look at a Dachshund proudly heading your way with their long bodies on those short legs.

The dachshund is loyal to his family and friendly to children (but only to the one's in its „pack“). It gets on well with other pets, too - especially when it grows up with them as a puppy. It enjoys to cuddle with his owner on the sofa.

Dachshund Dachshund - Photo: Stephaniellen/Shutterstock

Dachshunds are fearless, independent, wild, a little impatient and can be quite stubborn. But it is also a good watchdog. It is suspicious of anyone who does not belong to its family. no matter if it is an adult or a child.

This is why it has a tendency to bark loudly, too. If a Dachshund feel that its “pack” is threatened, it will be ready to protect it straight away.

Because of their small size and body, many believe that a dachshund doesn't need much exercise. But that's not true. They don't want to walk for a long time and as far as a Border Collie, Husky or Dalmatian, but they do love to move!

Dachshund Dachshund - Photo: Yellowj/Shutterstock


Dachshunds have a very long body and very short legs. There are shorthaired, longhaired and wirehaired dachshunds and they come in all kinds of colors - e. g. red, cream, black and tan, black and cream, chocolate, blue and tan and so on. There are two sizes: standard and miniature (which is smaller). In Germany they come in three sizes: standard, miniature and „kaninchen“. The latter is German and means „rabbit“.


The Dachshund was originally used as a hunting dog especially for hunting badgers. Even today, they enjoy enthusiastically sniffing around.

Where Does the Name Come From?

Dachshund is made of „Dachs“, which is German and means badger, and „Hund“ which is also German and means dog. In former times these dogs helped hunting badgers inside their burrow's narrow tunnels. In Germany they are called Dackel or Teckel (hunter's jargon). Dachshund is pronounced „dakshunt“.

Was the hot dog named after the dachshund? That seems like a perfect match on the first glance. Dachshunds somehow look like sausages, sorry! But there is no proof of this, so it's just a myth!

Dachshund Dachshund - Photo: Olexandr Andreiko/Shutterstock

Health and Care

Due to their long bodies Dachshunds often have problems with their backs. If the dog gets enough exercise and gets proper nutrition (to keeps a healthy weight), this is less likely to happen - but no guarantee. Dachshunds should not jump up or down from high places, e. g. from the sofa. That could hurt its spine.

Dachshunds do shed, but compared to other breeds they are in the midfield. Longhairs and Wirehairs should be brushed on a regular basis (more often than a Shorthair).

Did You Know?

The first Olympic mascot was a dachshund. It was introduced at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich (Germany) and the Dachshund's name was Waldi.

The Spanish painter Pablo Picasso had a dachshund.

Dachshund Dachshund - Photo: Liliya Kulianionak/Shutterstock

Back to Cocker Spaniel | Continue to Dalmatian