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Pug Dog Breed Information

Size 10-12 in (25-30 cm)
Weight 13-17 lb (6-8 kg)
Origin China
Color Dun, black, silver, apricot
Lifespan 12-15 years
Suitable as Lapdogs, companion dogs
Personality Confident, funny, obedient, happy, playful
Exercise Dog Exercise
Drooling Dog Drooling
Shedding Dog Shedding
Fur care Dog Fur Care

Rating = very/a lot; Rating = not very/a little

Breed Characteristics

“Multum in parvo”. This sentence describes Pugs perfectly. It’s Latin, meaning “lots in a little” - or “good things come in small packages”. When it comes to Pugs, it could mean “a lot of dog in a small body”. And it’s true: Pugs have an extraordinarily multifaceted character.

They are also incredibly playful, and their funny antics are guaranteed to entertain. At the same time, they are very loyal and mostly just happy to sit on their master’s lap. Pugs love their masters, and would be devastated if they didn’t return this love.

Pug Pug - Photo: Ezzolo/Shutterstock


Pugs are compact, almost rectangular dogs with a strong, jaunty walk. They have folds of skin on their necks and backs. They also have lots of wrinkles on their faces. Dun, or brown, Pugs have a black “mask”.

History and Origin

Royalty in Ancient China loved the flat faces of breeds like the Pekinese, Shih Tzu and Pug. These dogs enjoyed a very luxurious life, and were even sometimes protected by bodyguards.

Later, the Pug came to Holland and spread from there as a lapdog for rich people in Europe. Pugs are actually a kind of Molosser, much bigger and bulkier dogs. A miniature version was bred over time, which we now call the Pug.

Pug Pug - Photo: WildStrawberry/Shutterstock

Where Does The Name Come From?

Although Pugs are called Pugs in English, the Dutch, Germans and Belgians call them “Mops”. How come? “Pug” comes from the Latin “pugnus”, which means “fist” (like the shape of their heads).

The word “Mops” came from the Dutch “moppern”, which means “to whine”.

Health and Care

In general, Pugs are healthy, robust dogs. But they easily become overweight, so you should ensure a balanced diet and plenty of exercise. As their faces are very flat, they often experience breathing problems. That’s why they often snore.

Their shiny, short coat doesn’t need much care. But they do shed a lot. The wrinkles on their faces and heads should be kept clean and dry.

Typical illnesses for the breed:

Brachycephalic syndrome (obstruction of the airways)
Keratitis (inflammation of the eye)

Similar dog breeds

French Bulldog

Did You Know?

Pugs are known for their snoring.

Pug Pug - Photo: mariematata/Shutterstock

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