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German Shepherd Dog

German Shepherd Dog Breed Information

Size 22-26 in (55-65 cm)
Weight 48-88 lb (22-40 kg)
Origin Germany
Color Black, yellow, gray; multi-colored
Lifespan 10-12 years
Suitable As Family dogs, guide dogs and guard dogs
Personality Loyal, adaptable, protective, slightly wary
Exercise Exercise Needs
Drooling Amount of Drooling
Shedding Amount of Shedding
Grooming Grooming Needs

Rating = very/a lot; Rating = not very/a little

Breed Characteristics

German Shepherds are extremely adaptable, super athletic and loves challenging tasks. It can be well trained to help people e.g. disabled people or people in need (like avalanche victims). One thing’s for sure: they definitely need a task, a mission, a job. In the US, the German Shepherd is No. 2 in the most popular dogs - according to the American Kennel Club. It is No. 2 for more than 5 years now and it is even more popular than the Golden Retriever and the French Bulldog (as of 2019). There is one thing you definitely have to know: It sheds all year round. And it destroys things when bored.

Discipline and Training

The German Shepherd is exceptionally smart. They're considered the third smartest dog breed, right behind the Border Collie and the Poodle. It’s not hard to train this dog and teach it commands. It very quickly understands what you want from it, and can put this knowledge to use after just a few repetitions. Still: training is not something that you have to “get out of the way” when your dog is a puppy so you can sit back and relax. As German Shepherds tend to have a very strong protective instinct, owners must constantly make sure that these dogs don’t overstep the line. You have to regularly practice to make sure they don’t put a paw wrong.

Top Activities

Obedience, Agility


  • Easy to train
  • Loves mental challenges
  • Likes agility and obedience
  • Very intelligent
  • Good guard dog


  • Not a “beginner” dog
  • Needs lots of exercise
  • Needs good socialization as a puppy!
  • Needs a lot of space
  • Sheds a lot

• Video: Is a German Shepherd Dog the Right Dog Breed for Me? (Video opens on YouTube)

German Shepherd Dog Breed


Although the German Shepherd is considered to be very loyal and very reliable, it is suspicious of strangers and other dogs. You have to make sure that this won't be a problem. From all the dog breeds presented here the German Shepherd must be socialized the most.

What does "socializing" mean? Is is essential that dogs (in this case Shepherds) are exposed to other puppies and strangers regularly at an early age. This is how they learn not to develop fear and aggression towards other beings. These experiences can not be made up in adulthood - no matter how much love and good training it gets.

German Shepherd German Shepherd - Photo: Mirko Graul/Shutterstock


The German Shepherd is very muscular and athletic. The most common coat colors are black, black and cream, black and red, black and silver, and black and tan.

Health and Care

The shepherd dog sheds a lot, which is why you often have to clean up its hair. Luckily, its grooming is easy. It is best to brush its coat two to three times a week so that at least part of the hair gets stuck in the brush and does not spread in the apartment.

German Shepherd German Shepherd - Photo: Arts Illustrated Studios/Shutterstock


A breed standard for German Shepherds exists since 1891. After the First World War, the dog was renamed because the word "German" was unpopular. It was renamed to Alsatian Wolf Dog and then Alsatian Dog (because it sounded less wild). It was not until 1977 that the German Shepherd Dog got back its name. And where Does the Name Come From? The dog used to be a sheepdog.

Did You Know?

In the animation adventure "Bolt", Penny's "Super Dog" Bolt is a German Shepherd.

Comparable Breeds

German Shepherd German Shepherd - Photo: Sara Corso/Shutterstock

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