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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Breed Information

Size 12-13 in (30-34 cm)
Weight 11-18 lb (5-8 kg)
Origin England
Color Black and tan, ruby, white and chestnut; tricolor
Lifespan 9-14 years
Suitable as Companion dogs, lap dogs, family dogs
Personality Gentle, calm, obedient, friendly, playful
Exercise Dog Exercise
Drooling Dog Drooling
Shedding Dog Shedding
Fur care Dog Fur Care

Rating = very/a lot; Rating = not very/a little

Breed Characteristics

Small package, big heart. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a friendly, loving, playful dog. When outside, they love exploring, snooping and hunting.

They shouldn’t be left alone, as they will get frustrated and sad. They love children and are very patient.


You could fall in love with this dog at first sight. They have big, sweet eyes, move in a lovely elegant way and have a friendly expression and long, silky fur - even on their paws.

Because they don’t get especially big, they’re considered lap dogs. They’re different to King Charles Spaniels (without the “cavalier”). These have a much shorter nose.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Cavalier King Charles Spaniel - Photo: Mikkel Bigandt/Shutterstock

History and Origin

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has Spanish roots. But it really “got started” in England. King Charles I and King Charles II were smitten with this breed, which meant they became quite famous.

At that time, these dogs still had very short snouts because breeds such as the pug and Japanese Chin had been crossed into the breed. Because a longer nose became more popular, this characteristic was bred out.

Where Does The Name Come From?

The breed was named after King Charles. The “cavalier” was added because King Charles I’s troops were called the cavaliers.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel with stick Cavalier King Charles Spaniel with stick - Photo: Martin Mahes/Shutterstock

Health and Care

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel isn’t a dog that should be kept outside. But it’s important that they get a lot of exercise, as they are real spaniels. They’re known for enjoying long walks. Their long, fine fur should be combed several times a week, as it knots easily.

Typical illnesses for the breed:

Patella luxation (knee injury)

Similar dog breeds:

Japanese Chin

Did You Know?

Even today, there is a law in place that allows people to take a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel into British Parliament. It dates back to the time of Charles II - and his love of dogs.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Cavalier King Charles Spaniel - Photo: Waldemar Dabrowski/Shutterstock

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